Acne can be a big source of frustration. Not only are pimples painful, embarrassing and unsightly, to say the least, but they also like to leave traces, like little “souvenirs” of the time you spent together. Here is our little practical guide to preventing and reducing acne marks and scars. You will thus regain your confidence and a flawless complexion.
Post-acne marks: what are they?
Even the most discreet pimple is a real nest of inflammations. The skin reacts by increasing blood flow to the affected area and carrying white blood cells to fight germs and repair damage. Unfortunately, even once the imperfection has disappeared, an intense reaction may persist in the form of a red mark (marks are more visible on lighter skins).
On darker skin, inflammation can trigger melanin production in the skin and a persistent brown mark. Doctors call this post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, or PIH.
If left untreated, these marks can last for several months. Fortunately, there are remedies. On the one hand, you will find effective dermocosmetic solutions in the nearest pharmacy, and on the other hand you can be prescribed various options, such as retinoids, chemical compounds used as exfoliants to pull the pigmented cells to the surface. But above all, here are some simple tips to avoid marks and scars. Here are our Five Golden Rules.
Acne scars are formed where a large imperfection has caused such inflammation that enzymes have attacked the internal building blocks of the skin, such as collagen and elastin. The skin produces scar tissue to repair this damage, but the result is not quite optimal and rather gives a hollow appearance to the skin: we can think of a crater, but dermatologists call it an atrophic scar.
Reduce brown spots and scars
When it comes to acne scars, prevention is better than a cure. The process to get rid of them is long and expensive. We are talking about laser treatments, chemical peels, microdermabrasion... The best option is to make sure that your anti-acne routine is well adapted from the start in order to simply have no pimple to treat.
Here are five things you shouldn’t do, the five golden rules to respect to prevent the appearance of acne marks and scars:
1 - Do not scratch, do not crack, do not squeeze
You will only increase the inflammation and spread the infection.
2 - Do not use aggressive cleaners or abrasive scrubs
Any aggression of the skin will only aggravate the inflammation responsible for scars and marks.
3 - Do not skimp on hydration
On the contrary, opt for a non-greasy moisturizer. Moisturizing the skin is essential for optimal healing.
4 - Do not fear sun protection
Because you think they are oily and they clog pores. UV radiation degrades the appearance of scars and dark marks. So be sure to apply mattifying and non-comedogenic sunscreen on a daily basis.
5 - Do not hesitate to consult a dermatologist
For expert advice on how to treat an acne problem.
This article contains only general information. You should always consult a health professional who will advise you best on the treatments and adapted products.